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Swallowtail Angel - Male

00345

Angels
Swallowtail Angel - Male
Genicanthus melanospilos
  • Description
  • Care Sheets
Care: 
Beginner
Diet: 
Omnivorous
Light: 
Medium
Place of origin: 
Melanesia
Widespread Western Pacific, ranging from southern Japan to northern Australia, including the Rowley Shoals off north-western Australia, and Coral Sea to Fiji. Prefers steep outer reefs slopes and drop-offs, usually at depths greater than 20m and ranges to at least 50m. Usually found in small groups or in pairs. Males bluish white with many thin vertical stripes over top of head and along entire body, and a black spot on the chest from which it gets its name. Females with yellow upper sides that gradually change to bluish white ventrally  and black caudal-fin lobes. Length to 18cm, excluding caudal filaments.  
The members of the family Pomacanthidae are generally know as angelfishes and, like their nearest cousins, the butterflyfishes, are regarded by many divers and aquarists as being amongst the most beautiful and majestic fishes in the sea. The majority of species occur on shallow reefs in coral, algae and sponge zones, most going little deeper than about 30m but  where conditions are pristine and water is very clear, many species go much deeper and few species only live deep (over 100m). Angelfishes feature a large and distinctive backward-protruding spine from the lower corner of the gill-plate (cheek spine) from which the family name  was derived. This cheek-spine is diagnostic for all the species , even at juvenile stage, and readily separates any angelfishes from butterflyfishes that may be similar in shape. Mot angelfishes are robust with compressed, ovate to rhomboid shaped bodies, covered with small or tiny scales, and have a continuous dorsal fin. The mouth is small and jaws are set with many small, usually tricuspid teeth that are used for grazing algae or scraping sponges and other sessile invertebrates. Few species combine their diet with a variety of foods and some are planktivores.

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