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Pearlscale Butterfly - Pacific

01300

Butterflies
Pearlscale Butterfly - Pacific
Chaetodon xanthurus
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Care: 
Intermediate
Diet: 
Omnivorous
Light: 
Medium
Place of origin: 
Western Pacific
West Pacific, north to southern Japan, ranging in the west to Sunda Strait and may overlap in Sumatra with Chaetodon madagaskarensis, while in the east ti is replaced by C.mertensii  on the east coast of Papua New Guinea. Hybrid can be expected in those regions. Clear coastal to outer reef slopes and drop-offs. Usually in rich invertebrate reefs at depths of about 20m. Adults usually in pairs. Juveniles solitary. Posterior part of body and tail orange-yellow. Body pearly white with a network of grey lines, the thinker ones forming a chevron pattern. Length to 12cm.

The members of the family Chaetodontidae, popularly know as butterflyfishes, coralfishes and bannerfishes. Most species of butterflyfish live in the warm tropical seas of the Indo-Pacific (about 90%) with the remainder in the Atlantic. Only a few species are found in subtropical waters, bordering onto subtemperate zones. The butterflyfish have a highly compressed body in which the back is raised , forming an elongate-oval to near circular shape in some; a small protactible mouth with brush-like teeth in the jaws; a continuous dorsal fin with strong and sharp spines in the anterior section, followed by a large-surface soft part; an anal fin mirroring the soft part of the dorsal fin , headed by 3-5 strong spines, of which the 2nd is often greatly enlarged.

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