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African Angel : A

00030

Angels
African Angel : A
Pomacanthus chrysurus
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Care: 
Intermediate
Diet: 
Omnivorous
Light: 
Medium
Place of origin: 
Western Indian Ocean

 Western Indian Ocean, along the East African coast from Somalia south to KwaZulu-Natal. Recorded also from the Seychelles, Comoro Islands, and Madagascar. A solitary species found from shallow coastal reefs to offshore at depths to at least 30m. An attractive and easily identified species at all stages. It has distinct white vertical lines on a dark body and yellow caudal fin. The head has a pattern of irridescent blue lines and the "ear-spot" behind the head shown in adults gives it its common name. Called Gold-tail angelfish in South Africa. Length to 30cm.

The members of the family Pomacanthidae are generally know as angelfishes and, like their nearest cousins, the butterflyfishes, are regarded by many divers and aquarists as being amongst the most beautiful and majestic fishes in the sea. The majority of species occur on shallow reefs in coral, algae and sponge zones, most going little deeper than about 30m but  where conditions are pristine and water is very clear, many species go much deeper and few species only live deep (over 100m). Angelfishes feature a large and distinctive backward-protruding spine from the lower corner of the gill-plate (cheek spine) from which the family name  was derived. This cheek-spine is diagnostic for all the species , even at juvenile stage, and readily separates any angelfishes from butterflyfishes that may be similar in shape. Mot angelfishes are robust with compressed, ovate to rhomboid shaped bodies, covered with small or tiny scales, and have a continuous dorsal fin. The mouth is small and jaws are set with many small, usually tricuspid teeth that are used for grazing algae or scraping sponges and other sessile invertebrates. Few species combine their diet with a variety of foods and some are planktivores.
AquaRay Used to Show Coral Fluorescence at the Southampton Boat Show
2015
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